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Welcome to BeeBase

BeeBase is a comprehensive sequence data source for the bee research community. It currently hosts the genomes of Apis mellifera and three of its pathogens, as well as Bombus terrestris and B. impatiens; the genomes of two additional species, Apis dorsata and A. florea are currently under analysis and will soon be incorporated. BeeBase is built on assemblies Amel_4.5 of the A. mellifera genome, Bter_1.0 of the B. terrestris genome and Bimp_2.0 of the B. impatiens genome.

Honey bee is a model species for social behavior and an essential species to global ecology as pollinators. The 2006 report from the Honey Bee Genome Sequencing Consortium provided our first genome-wide insight into the life of social insects. An informatics resource like BeeBase opens the possibility for further exploration to find answers to how such life style came to be.

 The Honey Bee Genome Sequencing Consortium has completed a genome sequence improvement effort using Next Generation Sequencing technologies to increase continuity and coverage of the A. mellifera genome assembly and improve the gene set, producing assembly Amel_4.5 and Official Gene Set OGSv3.2. Details are provided in a report published in BMC Genomics.

Apis mellifera @Alex Wild Photography

Data Usage Policy:
Genomes and predicted gene sets for the following species are not yet published: Apis florea and A. dorsata. These sequences are provided to the public pre-publication to allow research on individual genes to proceed faster than the genome analysis would allow.  They are covered by the Ft. Lauderdale (1) and later Toronto (2) agreements whereby the data producers make the data available and state their intent to publish analyses, the data users ask permission to use the prepublication data and cite the appropriate source, and the journals and reviewers make sure that articles are published following the guidelines.  Release to GenBank and Ensembl and similar repositories does not constitute publication. Please contact us if you wish to use these sequences in published analyses.
1. Sharing Data from Large-scale Biological Research Projects: A System of Tripartite Responsibility. Report of a meeting organised by the Wellcome Trust and held on 14-15 January 2003 at Fort Lauderdale, USA.
2. Toronto International Data Release Workshop Authors. Prepublication data sharing. Nature. 2009 Sep 10;461(7261):168-70. PMC3073843
How to Cite:
1. Cite the appropriate consortium publication for the genome you used,
2. Cite the use of HGD and HymenopteraMine with the most recent HGD pubication:
Elsik CG, Tayal A, Diesh CM, Unni DR, Emery ML, Nguyen HN, Hagen DE. Hymenoptera Genome Database: integrating genome annotations in HymenopteraMine. Nucleic Acids Research 2015; doi: 10.1093/nar/gkv1208.